Since the syndicates had no experience with this class the wealthy teams ordered 3-5 yachts. Before the actual competition a World Championship was organized.This gave the teams the chance to try out their first designs or to test these boats in regattas.
With the introduction of the new IACC class (International America's Cup Class) began a new era.
With the introduction of the new IACC class (International America's Cup Class) began a new era.The 12-m class became history.The new yachts designed for racing got a flat, wide and fast hull.The pressure on the powerful sails battered on a 32,5 m high mast was balanced by a fin keel with a heavy bulb of lead up to 20 tons.28 sail numbers were registered, and 27 yachts built. Number 13 was not issued.. Of these, five yachts sailed for the Citizen Cup and 8 for the Louis Vouitton Cup. The remaining 14 yachts were test boats or even not used (e.g. SLO-4, RUS-24)
With their flat bottoms and the removable keels the IACC yachts could be transported by air-plane now,The huge Russian Antonow An-124 became the standard vehicle for many teams.The plane can load up to 120 tons with a take off weight up to 390 tons.
* San Diego Boat Movers comment:The 1992 race in San Diego attracted many U.S. and international challengers. Inside this giant Antonov cargo plane at Lindburgh Field, San Diego, are a French and an Italian boat, along with their masts, keels, and other equipment..
America3 (USA-23) defended successfully the America's Cup 1992
The US defenders were dominated by Dr. Wiiliam Koch, who financed the construction of 4 IACC yachts racing against 1 candidate, namly Dennis Conner (USA -11).The America³ Foundation ordered altogether 4 IACC Yachts : Jayhawk / USA-9, Defiant / USA-18, Kanza / USA-28 and America³ / USA-23, the last one was the fastest of them. The yachts of 1992 were 5,5 m wide but slimmed down from Cup to Cup to finally 3,75 m in 2007.USA - 23 won the Citizen Cup ( counterpart of the defenders to the LVC of the challengers) against Conner’s USA 11 and then the AC 1992.
The US defenders were dominated by Dr. Wiiliam Koch, who financed the construction of 4 IACC yachts
Il Moro de Venecia V (ITA-25) was the unsuccessful challengerfor the America's Cup 1992
From the challengers the Italian Raul Gardini was Koch’s equivalent counterpart.
The CITIZEN CUP 1992The U.S. A. were the official defender of the AC. Since two syndicates sponsored by the San Diego Yacht Club, competed for the defence, a Defender Selection Series had to be organized to determine the Defender of the AC.The event got its name from the Japanese watch maker and sponsor CITIZEN
The yachts sailed 4 Round Robins (RR1-RR4 where points were collected) and the Final.RR 1: USA-11 against Jayhawk and Defiant , RR 2: USA-11 versus Defiant and America3.RR 3: the same opponents as RR2 RR 4: USA-11 against America3 and Kanza.Final: America3 USA-23 wins against Stars & Stripes USA-11 and becomes official defender.
Yacht / Country : Stars & Stripes / USASail Number : USA 11Syndicate : Team Dennis Conner CEO : Dennis ConnerYacht Club: San Diego Yacht ClubDesigners : David Pedrick, Bruce Nelson Aberto Calderon,Chris TodterBoat Builder : Eric Goetz Custom SailboatsSkipper : Dennis Conner
Stars & Stripes / USA-11 and the Citizen Cup 1992:
From mid January to late April 1992 the US-11 sailed in 53 (!) days of racing in the CITIZEN CUP against the 4 yachts flotilla of Bill Koch, to clarify who defends the America's Cup officially.Conner's USA-11 lost finally against USA-23.The irony is that Dennis Conner, who lost the AC in 1983 but conquered it back in 1987 -and defended it with success in 1988 – had to cede the defence for 1992 to Bill Koch.
From mid January to late April 1992 the US-11 sailed in 53 (!) days of racing