In the now 144-year history, it happened after 1983 to the 2nd time that a challenger won the Cup. It was the Black Magic NZL 32, which defeated Young America USA-36.This also Dennis Conner lost the 2nd times the AC. 7 teams were sailing in the Louis Vuitton Cup for the right to challenge the AC. As in the U.S. three teams competed for the defence, a regatta was held sponsored, by the Japanese watch maker as CITIZEN CUP 1995. In 1983,each team spent between 5 - 8 million U$. In 1987, the sum increased to 10-15 million U $. In 1992, the Italian syndicate Il Moro di Venecia
spent with its five yachts a budget of 83 million and the America3 Foundation with its 4 new boats of 67 million U$. Therefore a cost reduction program was decided for the AC 1995 with the limitation to a maximum of 2 new IACC yachts with sails up to 47 per team for all races.15 new boats with sail number AUS 29 (Sidney 95) to USA 43 (Mighty Mary) were launched. Of these, seven yachts were sailing in the LVC and 3 in the Citizen Cup, in which even took part America3 USA 23 from 1992. Four syndicates (Nippon Challenge, Team NZL, France 95, OneAustralia) gave each 2 boats in order, the rest financed by only one yacht. Dr. William (Bill) Koch surprised the public with the first women-crew who raced with USA 43 Mighty Marry up to the Finale of the Citizen Cup. The yacht OneAustralia AUS 35 broke up and sank spectacularly during a race in the RR4 of the LVC.
“Black Magic” NZL - 32 winner of the America’s Cup 1995With the yacht NZL 32 "Black Magic", headedby Sir Peter Blake and helmed by Russell Couttsthe T
With the yacht NZL 32 "Black Magic", headedby Sir Peter Blake and helmed by Russell Couttsthe Team New Zealand won after 3 attempts in vain1987 (Kiwi magic), 1988 ("big boat" KZ 1) and1992 (NZL 20) the America's Cup 1995.The strength of Team New Zealand were not an exceptional yacht construction or special sailing designs etc. but a homogenous teamwork focused fully on the boat. Of course, with designers Doug Peterson and Laurie Davidson as well as the sail designer Tom Schnackenberg were experts at work.
But it was their maxime to observe the expertise of the crew at any time. Is typical for example that the sister yacht NZL-38 was estimated and used in all 4 Round Robins of the LVC as the newer and therefore faster yacht. But at the end it was decided at the request of the team before the Semifinals to sail the older NZL-32 until the end of the competitions.
Young America (Mermaid) USA 36 lost as a defender the America's Cup in 1995
The "Mermaid" or "Dorothy" had to suffer 2 major damages, but was still the fastest yacht in the Citizen
The "Mermaid" or "Dorothy" had to suffer 2 major damages, but was still the fastest yacht in the Citizen Cup, but could not win it.In January 95 swept a tornado-like storm over the Mission Bay and destroyed the Young America's Sail Loft. Parts thereof riddled her hull. The repair cost U$ 600.00. A week before the semifinals the yacht was hit on the tow to the sailing area by a 3 m wave that hit a leak shortly before the keel blade. It had to be hastily repaired.Dennis Conner as the winner of the Citizen Cup agreed with PACT 95 that he sails the "blond beauty" in the America's Cup.But he used the main sail with the logos of its contractual main sponsors of US 34.He lost.The agreement with PACT 95 was opposed as a lope hole fiercely by the LVC challengers. They were forced by the protocoll to nominate irrevocable 1 yacht only on April 9th (at the end of the final in the LVC and CC ) Conner could wait as representative of the San Diego YC (Defender) with its decision until the morning of the 1st AC regatta (theoretically nearly 4 weeks) and in addition had the choice between 3 boats.The beautiful yacht was painted by the famous pop artist Roy Lichtenstein.
The LOUIS VUITTON CUP 1995
The opponents of the LVC 1995:
Syndicate Head / CEO Yacht / NameSail # YachtClubTeam New Zealand Peter Blake Black Magic NZL 32, NZL 38 Royal New Zealand Y. Sq. OneAustralia Challenge John Bertrand oneAustralia AUS 31, AUS 35 Southern Cross Y. C. TAG Heuer Challenge Chris Dickson NZL 39 NZL 39 Tutukaka South Pacific Y. C. Nippon Challenge Tatsumitsu Yamasaki Nippon 95 / JPN 41 Nippon Y. C. France America 95 Francois Giraudet France 3 FRA 37, FRA 33 Y. C. de Sete Cade 95 Miguel Aguilo Roja de Espana ESP 42 Monte Real Nautico d. Y. d. B.Sydney 95 Challenge Syd Fisher Sydney 95 AUS 29 Cruising Y.C of Australia
The semi-finals of the LVC 1995
Syndicate Head / CEO Yacht / NameSail # YachtClubTeam New Zealand Peter Blake Black MagicNZL 32, Royal New Zealand Y. Sq. OneAustralia Challenge John Bertrand oneAustraliaAUS 31, Southern Cross Y. C. TAG Heuer Challenge Chris Dickson NZL 39 NZL 39 Tutukaka South Pacific Y. C. Nippon Challenge Tatsumitsu Yamasaki Nippon 95 /JPN 41 Nippon Y. C.
The finale of the LVC 1995
Syndicate Head / CEO Yacht / NameSail # YachtClubTeam New Zealand Peter Blake Black MagicNZL 32, Royal New Zealand Y. Sq. OneAustralia Challenge John Bertrand oneAustraliaAUS 31, Southern Cross Y. C.
Winer and official challenger became Black Magic NZL-32 from New Zealand.
Winer and official challenger became Black Magic NZL 32 of New Zealand.She defeated OneAustralia AUS 31 and won the AC 1995 as well..
Yacht / Country : oneAustraliaSail No AUS 31 and AUS 35Syndicate : oneAustrlai Challenge CEO : John BertrandYacht Club: Southern Cross Yacht ClubDesigner : Reichel/Pugh Yacht Design Iain Murray & AssociatesDavid BurnsBoat Builder : John McConaghySkipper: John Bertrand
AUS-31 oneAustralia reached the final of the LVC 95
With oneAustralia AUS-31 the Australians designed a long, narrow and fast yacht,
With oneAustralia AUS-31 -which had won the IACC World Championship 94- the Australians had a long, narrow and fast yacht, which represented the 2nd generation of the IACC class. The newer AUS -35 was even faster.But during the 4th Round Robin AUS 35 broke suddenly through in the middle and sank upright in about 2 minutes. No one was injured. Critically, however, became the situation for the 2 men under the foredeck, normally packing or preparing the spinnakers or foresails. The AUS 31 had to be made competitive therefore in no time.. It was again radically changed between the Semifinals and the Final. It was also cast a new lead bomb of ca 20 tons that had to be immediately delivered. The cast was still so hot that a fire broke out on the transport vehicle between San Francisco and San Diego.AUS 31 lost the Final of the LVC against NZL 32.
FRA-37 France 3 could not reach the semifinals of the LVC 95
Yacht / Country : Franc 2 and France 3Sail No FRA-33 and FRA 37Syndicate : France America'95 CEO : Francois GiraudetYacht Club: YC de SeteDesigner : Philippe BriandBoat Builder : Philippe Pallu de la BarrièreSkipper: Marc Pajot
But in the final rounds she could not beat the Spanish and Japanese teams and missed the Semifinals.
After Marc Pajot had reached the Semifinals 1987 and 1992 , the team was very optimistic to achieve at least the same result in 1995. But the luck played a prank. As France 2 (FRA-33) should be let for the first time in San Diego to water, the lift broke. The yacht popped so fierce on the mole that the keel broke up to the deck. The repair lasted 4 weeks and cost 1 million U$. France 3 (FRA 37 was not ready yet.) The team had no yacht for training or testing. When France 2 was again repaired, shortly thereafter it lost the keel when testing a revolutionary mainsail and capsized. The team was again missing a test platform. France 3 was hastily finished. But in the final rounds she could not beat the Spanish and Japanese teams and missed the Semifinals.
JPN-41 Nippon 95 reached the semifinals of the LVC 95
Yacht / Country : NIppon 94 and Nippon 95Sail No JPN 30 and JPN 41Syndicate : Nippon Challenge CEO : Tatsumitsu Yamasaki Yacht Club: Nippon Yacht Club Designer : Ichiro YokoyamaBoat Builder : Yamaha Skipper: Makoto Namba
Almost a year before the official Challanger Trials the Japanese syndicate became active in San Diego. The IACC yacht from 1992 -as a training boat had been so radically rebuilt -that people began to ask whether it has not be to classified as a new boat. The team sailed 3 Round Robins with JPN 30 before the new JPN 41 was used. This was not much faster than the predecessor.The Japanese Challenger reached again the Semifinals. An excellent achievement when you consider that it started only 1992 pretty much out of nowhere in the AC.
In April 1997 Makoto Namba sailed on a regatta Hong Kong-Osaka hurled by 30 ktn gusts and waves between 4-5 m. He was thrown by a wave overboard and lost his life. He was on his way below decks and had just latched from his security line lock.
The japanese Challenger reached again the Semifinals.
NZL-39 reached the semifinals of the LVC 95
Yacht / Country : TAG HEUER NZL Sail No NZL 39Syndicate : Tutukakaka ChallengeCEO : Chris Dickson Yacht Club: Tutukaka South Pacific Yacht Club Designer : Bruce FarrBoat Builder : Cookson BoatsSkipper: Chris Dickson
After his successes as skipper 1987 (Kiwi Magic) and 1992 (Nippon Challenge) Chris Dickson decided to form his own team.With his yacht, drawn by Bruce Farr and built by the renowned Cookson Boats he had a dangerous candidate for the LVC. Through its modest budget, he could not finance a second yacht resp. crew for internal comparisons and tests. Under these conditions, many had him credited a LVC victory.A great financial help brought the Sport Watches producer TAG HEUER. Dickson wanted to call his yacht TAG HEUER, but that was not permitted by the LVC Committee. Thus, it was called only NZL-39.He again proved his quality as a skipper and steered the NZL 39 into the semifinals of the LVC.
Chris Dickson proved again his quality as skipper and steered the NZL 39 in the semifinals of the LVC.
ESP-42 Rio de Espana, challenger of the LVC 1995
The Spaniards sailed fair but aggressively and won the one or another surprising victory.
Yacht / Country : Rio de EspanaSail No ESPN 42Syndicate : Desafio Espanol CEO : Miguel Aguilo Yacht Club: Monte Real Club de Yates de BayonaDesigners : Joaquín Coello Javier Pamies Manuel Ruiz ElviraBoat Builder : Rodman-Polyships Skipper: Pedro Campos
The team had a smaller budget than 1992. Thus, all preparations including the order of a new yacht was delayed.ESP 42 was built very late within 2 months and hastily shipped to San Diego without tests in Spain. There had been 2 days time only ahead of the first race to equip the boat. They were permanently lacking on time and practice.The Spaniards sailed fair but aggressively and won the one or another surprising victory.
AUS-29 Sydney 95, challenger of the LVC 1995
Yacht / Country : SYDNEY 95Sail No : AUS-29 Syndicate : Australian ChllengeCEO : Syd FischerYacht Club: Cruising Yacht Club of AustraliaDesigner : David BurnsBoat Builder : McConaghy Skipper: Syd Fischer
Syd Fisher agreed -fiercely criticized by the competition -a collaboration with oneAuatralia. They complained, that with AUS -29 a third instead of the allowed 2 new boats was available for oneAustralia for testing purposes. Sydney 95 was designed by the same consortium as AUS 31 and 35. The Team Fisher's benefited from the months training with the Australian partner. AUS 29, was the heaviest of all strong winds constructions in the LVC, but had to sail almost all races in light winds. They won more victories than in any Cup since 1983 . With the ratio 5 wins against 19 losses they landed still in last place of the LVC 95. The reason was that victories were assessed at the beginning of the races with less points than in later rounds.
Sydney 95 was designed by the same consortium as AUS 31 and 35.